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              Coking of Catalysts in Catalytic Glycerol Dehydration to Acrolein

               

              Coking of Catalysts in Catalytic Glycerol Dehydration to Acrolein

              Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.201857 (32), pp 10736–10753

               Research Group for Advanced Materials and Sustainable Catalysis (AMSC), State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, Institute of Industrial Catalysis, College of Chemical EngineeringZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhou 310032China
               Key Laboratory of High Efficient Processing of Bamboo of Zhejiang ProvinceChina National Bamboo Research CenterHangzhou 310012People’s Republic of China
              § Centre for Future MaterialsUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaQueensland 4350Australia
               Department of Chemical SciencesUniversity of Naples “Federico II”Via Cintia 21, Complesso Monte S. Angelo80126NaplesItaly

              https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.iecr.8b01776

               
              DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b01776
              Publication Date (Web): July 17, 2018

              https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.iecr.8b01776

              Catalytic glycerol dehydration provides a sustainable route to produce acrolein because glycerol is a bioavailable platform chemical. However, in this process catalysts are rapidly deactivated due to coking. This paper examines and discusses recent insights into coking of catalysts during catalytic glycerol dehydration. The nature and location of coke and the rate of coking depend on feedstock, operating conditions, and the acidity and pore structure of the solid catalysts. Several methods have been suggested for inhibiting the coking and slowing the deactivation of catalyst, including (1) cofeeding of oxygen, (2) tuning of the pore size of the solid acid catalysts, (3) doping noble metals (Ru, Pt, Pd) into the solid acid catalysts, and (4) designing new reactors. The present methods for inhibiting coking are still unsatisfactory. The deactivated catalysts can be regenerated by removing coke. Nevertheless, the rapid deactivation of the regenerated catalyst remains problematic. The literature survey indicates that the exact chemical compositions of the coke on the catalyst during glycerol dehydration remain elusive. The thermodynamics, kinetics, and mechanism of coking need to be probed so as to advance the development of a catalyst with high activity, selectivity, and resistance to coking to put the catalytic glycerol dehydration into practice.


              https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.iecr.8b01776
               

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